Marshall Plan Convention 1948
US Secretary of State George C. Marshall (L, 1880-1959) is pictured during a reception at London US embassy on November 02, 1948 with (L to R) Mrs Churchill, wife of US Ambassador in Great Britain Mrs Lewis Douglas, Mrs James Douglas, US Ambassador in Great Britain Lewis Douglas, Miss Sharman Douglas, James Douglas, Mrs George Marshall and former British Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill.
After the conference in Moscow with British, French, and Soviet counterparts in March-April 1947, US Secretary of State George C. Marshall had observed the growing economic collapse of Europe and the obvious intent of Soviet Russia to benefit from that collapse. He had returned to Washington thinking that the best way to avoid this was to prevent Europe's economic, social, and political deterioration by creating a European program with massive assistance from the United States. One year later, in April 1948, President Truman, a Democratic president, signed the Foreign Assistance Act, passed by a Republican controlled Congress, to establish what became known as the Marshall Plan. / AFP PHOTO / RENE HELIER
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